written by Nicole DelCogliano, OGS Farmer Programs Associate
In order to develop our new Farm Pathways program, a comprehensive beginning farmer training program in WNC, OGS needs to understand the barriers to successful farming in Western North Carolina. Based on 6 years of evaluations from the WNC CRAFT program, we narrowed down what the perceived barriers to farming were in WNC from our CRAFT farmers and apprentices.
In April and May 2015, we developed an online survey, Barriers to Farming in Western North Carolina, in collaboration with OGS staff, board, and farmer committee members. The survey was divided into three concentrations; access, knowledge/expertise and lifestyle/community. In addition, we consulted with regional partners such as NC State Extension, Appalachian State University Sustainable Development Department, Warren Wilson Environmental Studies Department, and farmer friends of OGS. With their guidance & suggestions, we designed the final survey. We launched the survey on May 7th with the help of our regional allies and partners, including our grant partners the Southern Appalachian Highlands Conservancy and WNC FarmLink. In total, over 15 organizations shared our survey with their list serves, members, in their newsletters and on social media. Over 30 market managers in WNC were contacted to share the survey with their membership list, also. Even though it was during the busy spring season, we had over 150 farmers respond! Thank you!! We found we successfully reached those newer to farming, with 72% respondents farming 10 years or less, and 48% under the age of 39. Survey results coming soon!
In addition to the on-line survey, we interviewed ten emerging & beginning farmers asking what they saw as the primary barriers to farming in WNC. These participants were selected based on their status as new farmers with 2-10 years farming independently.These one-on-one interviews allowed each farmer’s to share their personal story, training trajectory, and challenges as they moved into independent farming.
At OGS, we believe that all of this survey and interview work is critical to ensure the success of beginning farmers in WNC. If we do not directly ask and understand what our farmers face in WNC, we cannot address the needs of newer farmers in a training program. What we learn through this process will drive the Farm Pathways initiative and farmer training in our region.
A summary of primary barriers for beginning farmers in WNC:
- access to land
- access to capital
- access to markets
- a need for off-farm training highlighting business and financial planning
A few quotes from the interviews:
LAND- “Access to affordable agricultural land in the region and access to loans that don’t require a full time off farm job….The best time to start a farm in when your body is able, not 25 years later when you can finally afford it. I guess money is the root issue, if you’re not born into in, it will take a decade to the get the farm you want.”
CAPITAL- “I underestimated how much it would cost to farm…upstart costs are high, no extra time to work off-farm.”
MARKETING- “Marketing the product is a challenge, we need to get more people buying and eating local.”
TRAINING- In the survey results, the need for farm planning, business, and financial training were rated of the highest significance, over 55%. Sixty-one percent rated access to land as the most significant barrier, with significant ratings for access to capital for start-up costs.
It is only due to the diligent engagement and participation of our farmers in WNC that this survey and interview work succeeded! We honor the commitment of WNC growers to the success of our regional food system and hope our program will not only support new growers but also offer continuing education and support for existing farmers as they progress on their farm pathway. Thank you!
Cameron Farlow is the Farmer Programs Director.She grew up in Greensboro, NC with dairy farming in her blood, and has made her home in Western North Carolina. After earning her undergraduate degrees from UNC – Chapel Hill in Anthropology and Geography in 2006, Cameron dove headfirst into the realm of sustainable agriculture and local food systems, and later completed her Master’s Degree in Appalachian Studies and Sustainable Development from Appalachian State University in May 2011. Gaining as much experience as she could she worked with several other regional nonprofits in the realms of farmland preservation, food security, farm to university, and land access for farmers. She came on board with OGS in April 2012. When she isn’t visiting farms all around this end of the state as Farmer Programs coordinator you can usually find her digging in her garden or adventuring alongside her husband Walker, the farm manager at Hickory Nut Gap Farm.